The proper disassembly of your GTO may well be a precursor to your success with the entire
Editor’s Note: Longtime HPP contributor, Smoke Signals Editor-in-Chief, Pontiac historian, and all-around good guy Don Keefe has written this in-depth restoration book. Its 176 pages are crammed with info and 398 color photos to help you breathe new life into your old Goat, and the section on electrolytic rust removal alone may be worth the cover price to you. The soft-bound book is published by CarTech, and signed and numbered copies can be purchased through Don’s website (www.gtorestobook.com) for $24.95 with free domestic shipping. Here is a sample chapter to give you an idea of what’s inside.
When evaluating your particular car for restoration, be sure you have a realistic expectation of the project, your skill level, and your intended use. This assumes that your car will be restored as a weekend driver/cruise night car and not necessarily for concours competition. Hence, you need to define the level of restoration you’re willing to take on. This decision also dictates just how far down you intend to take the car when disassembling.
Planning, Tracking, and Budgeting
Use a ledger or spreadsheet to organize, review, and track the progress of your project. Track the parts you need to buy and the procedures to perform, and you can have the entire project broken down into stages. It helps you complete a component-group restoration, reminds you of all the important steps, and guides you through the entire process.
You need a full set of high-quality hand tools, including a full socket set with 1⁄4-, 3⁄8
For a spreadsheet, assign columns to priority, procedure, parts, projected cost, actual cost, projected hours, and actual hours. In the priority column, assign a level of importance to each procedure in the restoration. In many cases, a restorer cannot restore every component or area of a car at once, so assign a level of importance to each task. Therefore, if you cannot afford paint right now, but can sometime in the future, you should assign painting a 4. However, say you want a strong daily driver, but the engine is blowing and leaking oil. You did a compression test and most cylinders are way down on compression. As a result, your engine needs to be rebuilt and that is a top priority, so you assign a number 1 to that project.
In the procedure, you need to define what you’re restoring on the car, for example, patch quarter-panel, install new seat covers, rebuild rear differential, and so on. Next, define the parts for the part job, such as seat covers, quarter-panel, or ring and pinion and carrier parts.
Once that is accomplished, determine a realistic budget for the parts and the procedures. If you are performing the work yourself, budget in the amount of time it will take and you can choose not to pay yourself. If you have someone else subcontracted to perform a procedure, such as priming and painting, then you need to allocate a realistic budgeted cost—use a body shop estimate. Finally, fill out the actual cost and hours of a particular procedure once it’s been completed.
A welder is an essential tool for completing serious bodywork projects. The most popular i
In reality, you will find that the planned budget and schedule are often very different than the actual budget and schedule. You may have what you consider a realistic budget and time schedule for completing the work, but then the build is 15 to 20 percent more time and allocated budget. Why? Because even with the best-laid plans, there’s unforeseen work and circumstances that arise during a complex project.
When the time comes to disassemble your GTO project car, a few basic things must be taken care of before any wrenches turn and any mistakes are made. Plan ahead and make sure that parts coming off the car are not lost, damaged, or otherwise taken out of service. If they are broken or worn, that is one thing. If they are lost or broken because you didn’t properly manage them, it costs you additional time, money, and hassle. The idea of restoring a car should be fun, so make sure you are helping that idea along, not hurting it.
Some fasteners are torqued with more than 100 ft-lb and are difficult to remove. A compres
I’m a very organized person and I know some great techniques for managing a restoration. I learned them all the hard way, by not following common-sense procedures and doing all of the stupid things that people often do. My biggest lesson learned? Never rely solely on your memory! Here are four tips that will keep you out of trouble:
1. Photograph every part as you remove it.
2. Tag or catalog each part.
3. Do not mix components from one system with another.
4. Organize and bag smaller system components and fasteners.
This is a common sight during body disassembly and inspection. Water pooled up around the
From this list, you probably have a pretty good idea of the focus of this chapter. The last thing you need is a bunch of mystery bolts or small pieces rolling around on the garage floor to be lost or damaged. The old joke about fixing a car and having extra pieces left over is no joke when it happens to you and you have no idea where those things should go. The goal of this chapter is to help you prevent these kinds of problems.
Workspace and Tools
The location for your restoration project should be a clean, secure area that does not get high foot traffic or unwanted attention. Ideally, it should be no smaller than a two-car garage. You need one bay for the car itself and the other for space to organize the removed parts and to do the actual work. The work area should have a bench and/or a sturdy work table that safely holds heavy parts.
As part of making a specific task list for the restoration process, carefully inspect and
While it is true that people have successfully restored vehicles in smaller spaces, and even outdoors, the chances of pieces being lost, damaged, or stolen go up dramatically. It is also beneficial to have a storage area for pieces not being worked on. A remote rented storage area can be helpful for storing larger components, though transportation and cost can become a factor.
The depth and detail of your project dictate tool purchases. Will you be doing your own bodywork and paint? If not, you can skip the body hammers and spray gun, and put those resources toward items you will be using. You do need a quality socket set; screwdrivers; a torque wrench; various hammers and mallets for “massaging” jammed or sticking parts; metal or approved plastic containers for gasoline, oil, anti-freeze and other liquids; and draining pans.
For power tools, a compressor is a wonderful and invaluable tool that saves an immense amount of time with most operations. Pneumatic lines, an air-impact wrench, sockets, and grinding wheels ease the burden of disassembly and help speed up assembly procedures. Your shop needs 220-volt electrical service, which may involve some upgrades to your wiring.
Successfully finishing a complete GTO restoration is no small task, and when taking on tha
Other tools that make life easier include transmission jacks, an engine hoist, an arc welder, and hub pullers of various sizes. These are items that you can purchase, rent, or even borrow from friends, relatives, or co-workers) as you need them.
Some specialized tools are fairly inexpensive, but can greatly assist in your restoration project. A small assortment of trim-removal tools goes a long way to helping preserve the delicate stainless moldings, as they are often quite fragile and easily break if the clips aren’t properly releasing the parts. The fact that they are expensive and usually hard to find makes purchasing the right tool for the job a high priority.
If your project becomes a body-off affair, a rotisserie is a good investment. Having the ability to take a bare body and flip it upside-down for repair and body-panel replacement is a benefit that is well worth the added expense. If you are especially handy and know how to weld, you can build one yourself. There are plans and kits available on the Internet, and if you don’t want to spend $1,500-$2,000 for one, this is a very viable alternative. Just put the phrase “auto rotisserie kits and plans” in your favorite search engine and find what is best for your project and budget.
Many first-time restorers do not attempt a body-off restoration, and for good reason. A fu
The initial disassembly is likely to be a straightforward affair, though inevitably there will be some slowdowns. Perhaps some bolts will strip or round out. Maybe some pieces will be rusted together and refuse to separate.
The best way to minimize those troubles is to use the correct tool for the job. That can be something as simple as using the correct-size screwdriver instead of whatever is close by. In addition, it means using a six-point socket instead of a sloppy adjustable wrench, or a trim tool instead of a screwdriver to remove a delicate windshield molding.
Fasteners, bolts, and nuts that haven’t moved in 40 years and have been exposed to road sa
Be sure to use a good penetrating oil on rusty bolts (such as exhaust manifold bolts or other engine fasteners), particularly if they have been subjected to heating and cooling cycles. Several good products are available at any auto parts store. Some restorers have their own recipes for penetrating oil, using automatic-transmission fluid and kerosene. I have had great success with a product called Blaster. I don’t know the exact formula, but it has worked better than anything I have used in the past, making easy work of loosening corroded and frozen engine fasteners.
You are sure to find some surprises during the disassembly process. With a car that is 40-plus years old, it is very likely that some areas will be in worse shape than expected. Old collision damage may reveal itself, as well as some sub-standard repairs. Hidden rust-outs on the inner body structure or frame may be revealed as well. Cracks can also be seen, particularly around engine mounts or suspension mounting points. Also, if your GTO spent time in the rust belt, don’t be surprised if your car has a good deal of body filler. Being from upstate New York, I have seen many cars that appeared to be straight but had substantial amounts of filler in them. The Northeast is full of skilled Bondo sculptors, so bring a magnet.
If your car came with a vinyl top, expect a significant amount of corrosion damage. It is pretty much inevitable that a vinyl-topped car from that era, GTO or otherwise, will need some rust repair, usually around windshield channels.
Unless you are planning on a correct as-built restoration, my recommendation is to remove the vinyl top, store the trim pieces in a safe place, and finish the car with a steel top. Alternately, the car could also be finished as a two-tone, using the vinyl-top trim. After going to all the trouble of repairing the roof, welding in new window channel, prepping, and painting, why set yourself up for another rust problem later on?
A body-off restoration is the most complete and thorough restoration for a GTO. When separ
Body Off or On?
It’s true that body-off restorations are what you typically see in car magazines and at the large collector-car auctions. However, your decision to pull the body off the frame and perform a ground-up restoration should be dictated by the condition of the car, your individual situation, and the intended use—not by what everyone else does. Remember, you are the one doing the work (or most of it) and financing the project. You will also be reaping the rewards of your labor, so decide what is best for you and your GTO.
If you are restoring the car as a weekend driver, the “necessity” level drops considerably. If your car happens to be a rust-free example from the Southwest or is not in need of a significant amount of rust repair and/or weld-in panel replacement, skip separating the body from the frame and refurbish them as a single unit.
The damage to this lower windshield molding is not enough to warrant replacement. Once the
I have seen cars from California, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico with very worn-out interiors, suspensions, and drivetrains, but they were completely rust-free. One car in particular still had the paper tags on the exhaust system after decades of exposure to the elements. Of course, the paint was fried, the drivetrain was worn, and the interior looked like Godzilla’s playpen, but every bolt came off without damage and the only rust on the entire car was light oxidation where some paint had worn off. With cars in this condition, there really isn’t any reason to pull the body off. But if you need to replace the trunk, floorpans, and quarters, a body-off restoration is the better route, and chances are you will save time with a rotisserie.
Focus your restoration on a particular goal. Not all GTOs are created equal, meaning super-rare high-performance GTOs will always be worth more than the run-of-the mill cars. There are many levels of restoration—from functional non-original transportation to the 100-point concours car that looks the same as the day it rolled off the showroom floor. Most owners restore a GTO somewhere in between these two extremes. These Goat lovers end up with a highly authentic GTO that is restored with some original parts, but also with many reproduction parts. In addition, these cars often have updated disc brakes, modern shocks, digital electronic ignition systems, and other bolt-on parts that don’t affect value.
Once you develop a goal for your particular restoration, this gives you a clear target to achieve. To arrive at that goal, you define the time, materials, and appropriate parts for restoring your particular GTO. In addition, you are able to develop a realistic budget and invest a wise amount of money in your project and not overspend.
The restoration is well underway in this photo. The front clip has been removed and the co
A rare Ram Air-IV Judge commands prices of $75,000 or more, and therefore, most owners want to restore the car to factory-original condition because it retains its maximum value in that condition. Hence, a car of this pedigree demands professional-caliber body-off restoration if the body needs extensive work. A top professional shop should be enlisted to restore it, especially if it will compete in shows. A novice restorer isn’t capable of restoring a car to 100-point concours condition.
On the other end of the spectrum, a common ’70 GTO 400 automatic car was built in the thousands and does not have the collector cache of the rare Ram Airs, Tri-Powers, or Judges. As such, this vehicle is the perfect candidate for a first-time restorer because it doesn’t need the highest degree of originality, and the restoration shouldn’t come at enormous expense. Critical mistakes with a pedigree car can cost tens of thousands of dollars. With the time, patience, research, and the ability to develop and enhance mechanical and bodywork skills, restoring a high-performance and reliable GTO is well within your reach.
Your level of restoration also determines the parts you will use for that restoration. If you’re restoring a rare Goat to compete on the show car circuit, you must carefully select and use parts that are accepted by the particular organization judging the car. In these cases, many restorers use NOS parts. Finding and buying these parts adds a level of expense and complexity to your restoration. These NOS parts may be three or more times expensive than reproduction parts.
If you’re building a daily driver, high-buck NOS parts are simply unnecessary, therefore high-quality reproduction parts are the wiser choice. But keep in mind that GTOs are different than Mustangs and Camaros. Many reproduction parts including body, interior, suspension, steering, and other parts, are readily available for the GTO. But some common parts, such as full quarter-panels, are currently not offered as reproduction parts for some years. So if your rare pedigree or pedestrian GTO needs full rear quarter-panels, you may have to fabricate two panels into one. Once again, that is professional metal-work skill that few budding or beginner restorers possess.
Repair or Replace?
As parts come off your car, make notes about their condition. Can they be cleaned, repaired, painted, and re-used, or will you have to locate and purchase replacements? Sometimes the decision to repair or replace is not always obvious. If the crankshaft comes out in two pieces, your decision has already been made for you, but it usually isn’t that easy.
Try to work with what you have whenever you can, even if it means using some creative methods to save the items. For example, is it better to patch repair the lower section of a front fender, or replace it altogether? The answer depends on the severity of the rust damage, the overall viability of the original panel, and the cost to repair versus replacing with a rust-free used piece or a reproduction. If you are handy with a welder, chances are you can save a few bucks by repairing what you have, though the quality of the repair needs to be high enough to ensure the proper appearance and/or function. You may also save some time with body panel alignment by keeping your repaired original fender versus buying a reproduction, though the quality of the repair also plays a role in that operation.
Another area where the decision may not be very easy is with trim pieces. As long as you don’t actually break the pieces as you remove them, they can likely be repaired. This is one area where reproduction pieces aren’t going to fit quite as well as the originals. While reproduction parts are an option when pieces are missing and unobtainable through used parts channels, they should be used only after all attempts to fix the originals have failed.
On the bright side, a professional trim repair shop can effectively repair stainless steel, pot metal, and aluminum trim pieces—even those that most restorers consider beyond saving. Get on one of the Pontiac-oriented message boards and look for advice on finding a reputable company that provides good results for the money.
How Deep Are You Going?
The truth is, plans change, and sometimes for the better. As you are disassembling your car, you are learning a lot. You may well be learning things you don’t want to know, and the scope of the restoration may end up changing. What may have started out as a repaint and interior freshening may end up as a body-off project if a substantial number of surprises pop up.
It is okay if your initial plan for the restoration needs some modifications or even a complete rethink. While it may take some extra time to change course or line up some additional specialists to get the job done, the idea here is to take it in stride. Don’t get upset about the initial easy plan that becomes a major job. Most importantly, don’t become discouraged, even if you feel you were misled about the condition of the car when you purchased it. With the availability of reproduction sheetmetal and the power of the Internet to find just about any used part, most problems can be worked through. Keep your composure and your eye on the prize: a successful outcome.
It’s Really a Parts Car—Now What?
If you find the worst-case scenario has happened and your restoration project is not a viable candidate but rather a parts car, you still have several options. Above all else, don’t fall in love with it. Falling in love with a parts car is like falling in love with a really bad girl. Both will leave you disillusioned, heartbroken, and of course, financially drained. Fall in love with the idea of owning a GTO, not necessarily this particular parts car. If you need to break up with this GTO, consider these options:
• Sell this GTO as a parts car. This works best if the car hasn’t been significantly dismantled.
• Buy another GTO and use your current car for parts. This can actually be your best plan, particularly if the second car is in need of pieces that are still good on your donor car.
• Part it out and use the proceeds to purchase another GTO. This is a good option if the GTO is no longer a complete car, but a huge pile of parts. Chances are you can make some money to find a better car and aid others in their projects by going in this direction.
Trying to restore a parts car is almost a rite of passage. Resisting the urge to restore a parts car is a sign of wisdom.
One area that I cannot stress enough is the use of quality jackstands and related equipment. Cutting corners can literally kill you. Spend the money to get quality equipment because there is nothing worse than a tragic outcome.
Also, proper ventilation is a must. While many cars are sprayed in a paint booth for professional results, some restorers paint their cars in their own shop. If you are going to paint in your shop, be sure to have the proper masks and filtration. Some paints are ridiculously toxic, and even welding galvanized metal creates very dangerous fumes. Be sure to check with your paint manufacturer for guidelines to the proper use of their products. Different types of paint require different precautions and procedures.
Make sure you are doing everything the right way. Nothing slows down a restoration like hospitalization and lengthy recovery times.